Why feminism is needed more than ever, and how one woman´s dream is empowering others around the world

Catapult has successfully used spoof magazine covers to tackle crucial issues in a powerful way

Catapult has successfully used spoof magazine covers to tackle crucial issues in a powerful way

The F-word: divisive, controversial, and frequently misunderstood. But what does feminism actually mean, and why does a concept so crucial to girls and women often cause such negative reactions? To find out, I interviewed Maz Kessler, founder of Catapult. This inspirational crowd-funding site has a special focus on hot topics affecting females around the world- from FGM to child marriage, sexual abuse to trafficking, domestic violence to slavery.

SM: Reading comment threads on any article using the F-word, it´s clear that many people, including women, believe feminism is no longer relevant in the 21st century. Can you explain why that´s not the case, and give us your own definition for what feminism actually means?

“Nobody owns a definition, but for me it´s simple: feminism means the equal human rights of girls and women. For people under 30 today, feminism is not a key issue. When Germaine Greer ripped on to the scene in the 1970s, women couldn´t have a mortgage or a credit card; they couldn´t get abortions. Then there was this incredible surge of change and all these ridiculous laws fell away. Now, people think there are no problems because they see women graduate, they see women working. But the global issues we are now getting to- widespread violence against girls and women, female genital mutilation, slavery and trafficking, rape and sexual assault- these are more difficult to tackle because they are structural issues relating to culture and tradition, and laws can´t change attitudes. That´s why it´s so important to keep raising the issues that are devastating to girls and women all over the world.”

SM: Can you talk a little more about these crucial issues?

“One of the things that´s important to us is that we´re not just talking about issues somewhere else. The average age of girls forced into prostitution in New York is 13. So when we talk about sex trafficking and point at something happening in Cambodia or Eastern Europe, we need to realize there are so many things that are going on in our backyards, in New York or London. It´s not about pointing the finger: when the New Delhi story (Ed´s note: an infamous gang rape case in India, which caused a global outcry) was hitting the headlines, everyone was clucking about how terrible it was. And of course it was horrific. But the Steubenville case in the USA was an important illustration of how this is happening everywhere, right under our noses. Domestic violence against women is epidemic in Britain and Northern Europe, and this is the one issue shared by all countries. Everyday sexism and economic inequality are also topics we still need to address.”

A second spoof tackles ongoing slavery of girls and women

A second spoof tackles ongoing slavery of girls and women

SM: You mentioned the New Delhi case. This tragic story inspired you to launch Catapult. Can you tell us more about that, and how the platform works?

“Yes, it was around that time that I came up with the idea. It was clear to me that we need to create an online space to engage with issues; to make them go viral. Girls have the right not to be forced into marriage with an old man at eight years old; they have the right to go to school. I saw an opportunity to allow people to take action on these crucial issues by crowd-funding grassroots projects, and the great thing about Catapult is that people then share the campaigns on facebook. Not everybody can quit their jobs and go work on these issues, but we can all give a few dollars to help support the people who know best, so we´re bringing together tons of people to change the world.

Our website is easy to use, allowing you to browse many different projects and choose an issue you feel strongly about. We have a Youtube video to explain how it all works. When you give $5 to a project, we don´t take a fee: it goes directly to the the people working on the front lines of the issue. They tell you exactly what they are going to do with the money and they report back to you over the year. So you´ll receive emails, budget reports and regular updates about where your money went. Catapult is 100% transparent and accountable. We know that people are cynical; they don´t want their money to disappear. Like all charities, we make money by fundraising, and if we work with corporations, we bill them.”

SM: What has Catapult achieved so far?

“You know, when I was working on this thing everyone said it would never work; that I´m an idiot for trying. But we built it, and they came. It´s just been amazing, but the sad thing is that we now have over 400 organizations on our waiting list- which shows how crucial these issues are, and how high the demand is. We have some amazing curators spreading the word, like Salma Hayek and Beyoncé, and for International Women´s Day we launched some spoof magazine covers to draw attention to the issues we are fighting against. That was great; it got Catapult the publicity needed to keep growing and supporting all these wonderful people making real differences to vulnerable women and girls worldwide. Because of these powerful magazine covers, we raised enough money to build a second floor for a school for Afghan girls in New York, as well as funding a project for trafficked girls. We´ve funded literally hundreds of projects worldwide, and we are only a year and a half old.

And a third cover explores issues of sexual exploitation and trafficking

And a third cover explores issues of sexual exploitation and trafficking

SM: What can men do to make a difference going forward?

In order to grow and be able to help every organization that needs support, we need to start building a mass audience. The only way to keep up the pressure and change attitudes towards women is by changing the hearts and minds of boys and men, which could take generations. We are dealing with centuries of harmful attitudes towards women here, so it won´t happen overnight. We must turn our outrage into social change at a structural level, and that means we all have a role to play: schools, parents, and the whole of society. (Ed´s note: a fantastic article on the importance of raising boys to be kind can be found here).

SM: And what can women themselves do to create positive change on gender equality?

Women are terrible about criticizing each other. And it does hurt is. It hurts us from making change, mobilizing more resources, getting funds. We need to end this tear-down culture of feminist in-fighting about the best ways of drawing attention to these crucial issues. Because actually, any way we tackle these issues is positive. Anyone who steps up to the plate is welcome, and I am so sick of everyone´s efforts being criticized by other women. Femen (Ed´s note: an activist group who use their bare breasts to make a political point) get tons of attention, so let´s support that. Instead of arguing amongst ourselves, we have to pull together to fight the other side – which by the way is not men; it´s tradition, cultural norms, power and oppression. Women are half the world: we need to work in coalition.

To browse Catapult´s current projects or find out more about how you can get involved, click here.

This article was first published on True Activist here

American foreign policy is far more dangerous than Socialism…

Credit: Flickr, Riccardo Vásquez. Opposition activists hold signs saying they will fight for Venezuela rather than lose their country, as mediation talks begin.

Credit: Flickr, Riccardo Vásquez. Opposition activists hold signs saying they will fight for Venezuela rather than lose their country, as mediation talks begin.

Body of evidence

Earlier this month, it emerged that the U.S had created a ´Cuban Twitter´ in an attempt to stir social unrest and cause revolution in the communist country from the inside out. Incredibly, this was not a CIA operation, but rather ´a program paid for and run by the U.S Agency for International Development, best known for overseeing billions of dollars in U.S humanitarian aid.´ Aside from the obvious question (why is an aid organization carrying out a top-secret infiltration mission in Cuba?)- this news shouldn´t come as much of a surprise.

As far back as the 1950s, the CIA and British MI6 plotted to overthrow the government of newly-elected Mohamed Mossadegh, who had won a landslide victory in Iran and promised to nationalize the country´s oil, using the money to increase social wellbeing. Mossadegh was arrested for these ideals and replaced by a bloody dictatorship, whose CIA-trained security force would be condemned by Amnesty International in 1976 for having the ´worst human rights records on the planet.´

The Iranian coup d´etat was the first time America had paid so-called ´protesters´ to cause riots on the streets, but it wouldn´t be the last. The USA is the world´s self-styled bad cop: a role which involves disposing of any democratically elected governments which have the audacity to disagree with its neo-liberal capitalist view of the world. This is especially true, it seems, for those who dare to control their own oil and mineral reserves.

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Why climate change deniers need to get real…

In case you missed the biggest news story of the decade last week, we´re all doomed. A long-awaited paper on global warming and its effects was published on Monday by the UN´s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and it makes for very grim reading. The message in the latest report gave humanity its starkest warning yet: we are facing a very dark and terrifying future, and the time for fixing it may have already passed.

Key findings

The report warns that melting sea ice and permafrost threaten to sink entire cities, ocean acidification is killing our precious coral reefs, and extreme weather patterns and mega disasters such as heat waves, droughts, floods, typhoons and wildfires will continue to worsen. When you throw into the mix dangerously high air pollution, the effects of fracking (sinkholes, earthquakes, groundwater contamination and even birth defects), and the ongoing mass extinction of wildlife due to human stupidity, we can conclude that things are not looking good for our grandchildren. “Nobody on this planet is going to be untouched by the impacts of climate change,” were the dark words of Rajendra Pachauri, chair of the IPCC.

ASomali woman flees drought. Reuters/Thomas Mukoya

A Somali woman flees drought. Reuters/Thomas Muko

Food shortages, riots and rising grocery bills

The report, released every six years since the panel was set up in 1988, was a joint effort by more than 300 scientists. By far the most alarming edition to date, it took three years to compile and runs to 2,600 pages and 32 volumes. It tells us that even if we´re lucky enough to escape death from natural disasters, the future of agriculture is so bleak that millions of people face starvation and displacement. Global wheat and corn stocks are in great danger, and even staple groceries like rice and soy could become expensive luxury items.

Other food sources are also under threat. Fish catches in some areas of the tropics are projected to fall by between 40% and 60%, affecting millions of people for whom seafood is a source of livelihood and survival- and this scarcity of food could also cause widespread political instability and rioting, as well as other related social problems.

In conclusion, the experts say that man-made climate change is no longer up for debate. As Richard Schiffman wrote in the Guardian : “There are few climate-change skeptics amongst those who grow the world’s food. Farmers don’t have to read UN reports to know how radically their weather is changing. And consumers don’t need academic studies or bullet points to know that food prices are steadily rising.”

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Schoolchildren planting in an old boat

Schoolchildren planting in an old boat

 

In the small town of Todmorden in the north of England, fresh organic produce is growing everywhere. There are sweet-smelling herbs at the railway station, vegetables sprouting in the public car park, and an apothecary garden next to the local Health Centre. This is the Incredible Edible movement, a grassroots campaign to provide healthy fresh food to the whole community, while promoting local produce and educating people on the joys of cultivating veggies.

Todmorden in bloom

Todmorden in bloom

Incredible Edible co-founder Pam Warhurst explained how she and her friends sat around a kitchen table six years ago, brainstorming ways to make positive change in the world. They began with a simple question: Can we find a unifying language that cuts across age, income and culture, that will help people themselves find a new way of living? Then came the thunderbolt. Food is a basic human need, but fresh, healthy organic food is a basic human right. “None of this is rocket science, but it is inclusive,” Pam says. Ultimately, this is a movement for everyone. We say, ´if you eat, you´re in´.”

What followed was a public meeting, where Pam and her associates received a standing ovation after presenting their plan. It was an ambitious, idealistic project which not only addressed the issue of what we eat, but where we spend our money and what we teach our children.

Pam and friend at a local food event

Pam and friend at a local food event

“I wondered if it was possible to take a town like Todmorden and focus on local food to re-engage people with the planet we live on, create the sort of shifts in behaviour we need to live within the resources we have, stop us thinking like disempowered victims, and to start taking responsibility for our own futures,” Pam explains.

Three key areas are covered: planting free food for the whole community, supporting and promoting farmers and other local food producers rather than supermarkets, and rolling out an extensive educational network to directly involve residents and students with the project.

Incredible Edible is run by unpaid volunteers and began with the planting of some small herb gardens and the launch of a local seed bank. Now, every school (and church) in the area is involved with the movement. They have provided chickens, planted orchards, and installed a fish farm at the local high school, which was such a success that a course in agriculture has since been launched. The group also offers free staff training for primary school teachers on issues of food awareness and cultivation, as well as adult learning schemes through ties with the college. All the children in Todmorden can now recognize a tomato plant, and have benefited greatly from getting their hands dirty in the community gardens.

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Credit: Sasha Y Kimel, Flickr

Credit: Sasha Y Kimel, Flickr

In the sleepy rural village of Pungesti, Romania, life has changed very little in generations. There is not a car in sight: birdsong is broken only by the clip-clop of horse´s hooves and the trundle of cart wheels, as farmers with weather-beaten faces drive their animals over rolling green pastures. Old women in headscarves and tattered long skirts cook simple meals of fried cabbage and meat inside dark concrete shacks, and the ultra-conservative village priests of the Orthodox church still play a vital role in these traditional, tight-knit communities.

These colorful characters may not look like your typical environmental protesters, but many of them have reinvented themselves as guerilla activists in the fight against fracking.

Last year, oil giant Chevron began scoping out fracking sites in the Eastern European country, bringing T-shirts and yoghurts in a cynical bid to win over the people. Romania, one of the poorest countries in the E.U, is sitting on an estimated 51 trillion cubic feet of shale gas. This means big bucks for companies like Chevron and the Romanian government, who have given the green light to fracking companies in three remote villages despite widespread public anger.

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Being self sufficient in a small space is much easier (and enjoyable) than you might think!

A few years ago, I knew nothing about gardening. It seemed like a useful but time-consuming hobby: too much hard work and too much information to take in. Then I moved to a small farming community in the mountains of southern Spain, where old men wearing flat caps still use mules to plough the earth, and everyone in the village has their own vegetable garden, or huerto.

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Ukrainian police face protesters

Ukrainian police face protesters. Credit: Flickr, Spoilt Exile

This week four protesters died in Ukraine, the country at the centre of a political tug-of-war between Russia and Europe. More have allegedly been tortured by the state during anti-government protests which are spinning dangerously out of control.

Campaigners took to the streets in the capital Kiev in November, after Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych decided not to go ahead with a planned treaty with the European Union. Many Ukrainians were hopeful that a new alliance with the great Western power would open up new trade deals, boost the economy and give them the benefit of free travel and work opportunities within the E.U once their membership was secured.

But Russia didn´t like this proposed alliance, putting pressure on Yanukovych to think twice about it. These two neighboring countries have a long intertwined history, allied to each other and inextricably linked through the Soviet Union until its eventual collapse in 1991. Ukraine is a fertile country with a strong agricultural industry, often known as ´the breadbasket of Europe´. As the third largest grain exporter in the world, it´s not surprising that both Europe and Russia are in fierce competition to benefit from cheap trade deals. In the end though, Russia´s blackmailing of Ukraine over the E.U treaty- even offering them cheaper gas imports as a reward for continued loyalty to Moscow- worked well. Yanukovych bowed to Russian demands and declared he wouldn´t go ahead with the proposals (for now, at least).

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How science is forcing us to reconsider the twin myths of human superiority and dumb creatures

Human beings are the most intelligent, and therefore important, of all the world´s species, right? We deserve our superior status over other animals because of the following scientific truths: that only humans are self-aware and feel empathy, that we are unique in our abilities to use language and tools, that only we can recognize ourselves in a mirror and understand the passing of time.

But advances in cognitive ethology (the scientific study of animal intelligence, emotions, behaviors, and social life) have now disproved these ´truths´, showing that many other creatures also display a complex range of emotions, highly evolved communication skills, compassion for others, and even intelligence that rivals- or surpasses- our own. These ground-breaking studies force us to ask some uncomfortable questions about our place in the world, and have caused leading experts to call for a radical rethink of the way we treat other animals.

Communicative mice, kindly rats and compassionate chickens

Among the findings are that yes, fish do feel pain , and not only that but acidic water actually makes them nervous. Chickens are not only very intelligent, they can also feel each other´s pain and demonstrate physiological signs of concern and distress at the suffering of their young.

Similar conclusions were drawn in a cruel study of mice who were doused in acid. Not only were the empathic rodents more sensitive to the pain of their peers than to their own agony, but researchers also suggested they “might be talking to each other” about their pain, too. Take a moment to let that sink in….

And while rats don´t have the best of reputations, there is much research to suggest they too are compassionate, communicative and highly intelligent. One group of scientists found that, given the choice, rats prefer to free others from a cage rather than help themselves to candy. What´s more, the rats had not been taught to open the cages in advance. Researcher Peggy Mason noted: “That was very compelling … It said to us that essentially helping their cagemate is on a par with chocolate. He can hog the entire chocolate stash if he wanted to, and he does not. We were shocked.”

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´Gypsy scum. Thieving tinkers. Workshy beggars. Child stealers´. A worrying program of ethnic cleansing is being carried out by governments across Europe. But while six centuries of negative stereotyping persists, who will defend Roma from further persecution?

Roma women and their babies are escorted from their camp by a policeman in France

Roma women and their babies are escorted from their camp by a policeman in France

In what looks increasingly like a pre-planned ´clean-up operation´, thousands of European Roma – usually referred to by the derogatory ´gypsies´- are being subjected to terrible treatment at the hands of the state, not to mention many vigilante mobs. But with so many deeply-entrenched negative feelings about this ethnic minority in the collective European mind, most people don´t care very much.

In Italy, violent evictions of Roma camps have been taking place since 2008, despite a ruling by Italy’s high court that these government crackdowns are unlawful. In France, Roma camp evictions began last year.70% of camps were razed in 2012, displacing over 12,000 Roma, and in one city locals took matters into their own hands and set fire to a settlement.

Thousands more Roma families have been displaced this year, and the trend looks set to continue- even French media are printing headlines about a ´Roma overdose´, and a facebook page called ´adopt a gypsy´ was at the center of another row about Roma rights in August, with one blogger speaking of ´eliminating´ the ethnic minority.

A Romany girl after a French camp eviction

A Romany girl after a French camp eviction

In October, French students took to the streets to demand the return of a 15 year-old Romany schoolgirl who was detained and deported during a school trip. Leonarda Dibrani, of Kosovan heritage, had been studying in France while her family awaited news of their asylum claim It was rejected, so police stormed Leonarda´s school bus on a field trip, forcibly removing and arresting her. The handling of the case caused unnecessary public humiliation and trauma for everyone involved – even Leonarda´s teachers were distressed and crying.

The incident, and subsequent violent clashes on the streets between police and students (video) came after one French politician said that most of France´s 20,000 Roma do not want to integrate, and should go home.

Students protest against Dibrani´s deportation

Students protest against deportation

But how can they integrate when they are hated- and where is home anyway? As Leonarda told a Kosovan news agency (in French) after deportation: “I’m frightened, I don’t speak Albanian. My life is in France. I don’t want to go to school here because I don’t speak any of the local languages.”

The European financial crisis has fuelled racism and given rise to neo-fascism across the continent, providing governments with a convenient reason (amid widespread public support) for the toughening-up of immigration laws. Roma are an easy first target: by many, they are feared (and therefore hated). As a result, too many people lack the empathy and understanding to recognize how unjust the current wave of anti-Roma policies really are- or to ask themselves why Roma are living in camps in the first place.

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Miriam Carey, killed by cops and then smeared by the press

Miriam Carey, killed by cops and then smeared by the press


To those of us outside the USA, the no-questions-asked execution of Miriam Carey exposed two chilling American anomalies: trigger-happy cops and corporate journalists who refuse to ask tough questions

Last Thursday, a respectable 34 year-old dental hygienist was gunned down in front of her baby for failing to stop at a security checkpoint in Washington during the government shutdown. Her reasons for doing so remain unclear, but rather than opening a debate on unchecked federal power, mainstream media has instead focused only on allegations that Carey was mentally ill.

But there are two aspects of this tragic incident that are far more worrying than Carey´s emotional health. One is the shocking ´shoot first, ask questions later´ attitude of US police officers, the other is mainstream media´s complicity to hide facts and divert attention when these abuses of power occur.

In Britain, my home country, police serve the people, not the state, and they don´t routinely carry guns. Assuming Miriam Carey made an honest mistake, the conversation across the pond might have gone something like this:
“Excuse me madam, you can´t pass that barrier, please turn around.”
“Oh, sorry officer, I was a little confused.”
“No problems, have a nice day.”

Instead, cops were given a standing ovation by Congress and immediately lauded as ´heroes´ by the press for killing a woman who could quite easily have been dealt with another way- had those ´brave´ police officers simply employed a few basic social skills. Sadly, I guess American cops don´t get training on how to effectively diffuse situations through old-school communication techniques.

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Gallery  —  Posted: October 6, 2013 in opinion, Social justice
Tags: , ,

In December 2010, a desperate Tunisian man set himself on fire after he was denied the right to sell fruit and vegetables in the street.  This hopeless, tragic act sparked nationwide protests against the government that were to send president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fleeing in exile from Tunisia. The people´s uprising gathered momentum overnight, spreading like wildfire across Northern Africa through Algeria, Jordan, Oman, Egypt, Yemen, Bahrain, Morocco, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia, to name a few. The Arab Spring continued to make headlines throughout 2011, but the global revolution didn´t end there.

In Southern Europe, the crippling financial crisis and anger over a deeply entrenched culture of political corruption set in motion a tidal wave of anti-government protests. Portuguese youths took to the streets in March 2011 demanding labor rights and an end to crushing austerity measures. Violent riots broke out in bankrupt Greece and Italy, where the European Union under IMF instruction had suspended democracy and installed former bankers in place of elected leaders. And in Spain, a small group of anti-capitalists calling themselves the indignados  set up camp in Madrid´s Puerta del Sol square on May 15, vowing to stay there until their cry for ´Real Democracy Now!´had been heard by the country´s duplicitous leaders.

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Image

Imagine you´re Bradley Manning, the whistle-blowing soldier with worldwide fame, a hero to many and an enemy of the state to those in the highest echelons of power. You´ve spent over three years awaiting trial in an army prison, with conditions described as ´cruel, inhumane and degrading´. You have been denied visits, shackled and made to strip naked, held in solitary confinement for 11 months, and subject to treatment which most civilized countries classify as torture. Finally, your trial begins. It is conducted in secret and widely criticized for not being fair. After almost three months of court proceedings, a guilty verdict is given. You face 35 years in prison, and even your lawyer is inconsolable.

The world is waiting for your reaction. What message would you like to give the people? If the official story is to be believed, Manning decided that rather than wax lyrical about the Orwellian nightmare we are living through, the hellish conditions of army prison, the urgent need to balance freedom with security, it´s far more important to announce to the world´s media: “Call me Chelsea”. Suddenly, Manning´s shocking leaks are forgotten. The injustice of such a harsh sentence is forgotten. Amid the revelations, the urgent campaign for a pardon from Obama is half-forgotten too. Manning´s wikipedia page is hastily re-written to include paragraphs on her lifelong struggle as a woman in a man´s body, her depression, her messed up childhood, anything that discredits her mental health and diverts attention away from the police state´s terrifying treatment of its critics.

And, wait a minute- hasn´t this happened before?

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Gandhi_MinimizedHow can I make a positive difference in the world? Where do I start? Which of the overwhelming number of urgent global issues should I focus my attention on first? These are questions most of us have asked ourselves at some point. But although being an active citizen can sometimes feel hopeless, just remember: you can only be responsible for your own actions- and major changes start at the grassroots level (just look at the Occupy movement!). So maybe you can’t save the world, but you can save your backyard. And imagine what would happen if we all did the same? With that in mind, here are 10 things you can do to get those green shoots growing in your own communities, expanding outwards like ripples in a pond to inspire others and make changes on a big scale. As anthropologist Margaret Mead once said: “Never doubt that a small, committed group of citizens can change the world; indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.” The following list could be longer- things like recycling, buying fair trade and avoiding plastic wherever possible are taken as given, for example.

1. Join or launch a gift economy

Gift economies enable people to exchange goods, services and favours without any need for cash payment. One of the best initiatives is freecycle, a global online gifting website based on the idea that one man’s junk is another man’s treasure. Why throw things into landfill sites when other people in your local area could make use of them? The chances are there is already a group in your town, but if not, creating a new group is quick and easy. Simply check the site’s homepage, join the mailing list for your area, and see how many people you can help by gifting your unwanted goods and receiving whatever you need in return. Books, toys, furniture, electrical appliances and even cars are up for grabs. Another idea is to launch a skill swapping or time bank initiative in your community.  These models allow for people to find painters, carpenters, gardeners, babysitters, and any other services we all need occasionally, without worrying about payment in cash. After all, isn’t time the most precious thing we have? Get a group of like-minded people together and start keeping a record of the skills they can offer and what they would like to receive in exchange. Then simply match users, updating how many hours they have spent helping others and how many they are owed in return. In places like crisis-hit Greece, bartering systems have enabled people living in poverty to continue life as normal, as this inspiring video shows.

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r1188cover-306x-1374073020In the wake of public outrage over the Boston bomb suspect´s Rolling Stone cover, aren´t we forgetting people used to be innocent until proven guilty?

“He was a charming kid with a bright future. But no-one saw the pain he was hiding or the monster he would become.” So begins Rolling Stone magazine´s controversial portrait of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, the kid who allegedly planted bombs that killed 3 and injured 264  in Boston last April. Rolling Stone follows this dramatic introduction with a short note from the editor, gently assuring any readers who are rabid with fury that the story ´falls within the traditions of journalism´.

If they mean the tradition of using shock tactics in a cynical bid to generate publicity and sell more copies of their magazine then I agree; sadly that´s nothing new. But in every other way, the Rolling Stone story breaks not only ´traditions of journalism´, but several media laws and ethical boundaries that are crucial in a fair, free, democratic society.  Cast your mind back, if you can, to that sunny and carefree pre-9/11 world, where intelligent people didn´t have panic attacks over dark-skinned men on buses carrying electronic cigarettes (it would have been impossible to believe, right?). Back then, the Rolling Stone article would have caused outrage for a very different reason- it assumes the guilt of a man who is still awaiting trial.

Yes, we should be angry. And very concerned. We should be looking very closely at the emotive and dehumanizing ´monster´ label Rolling Stone have pinned to the alleged terrorist and we should be asking: What happens when the trial begins? Will there even be a trial? How can we expect the jurors not to be influenced by mainstream media´s premature guilty verdict? And what if- just what if- Dzhokhar and his brother are innocent?

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This was first published in Salon and an edited version with hyperlinks can be read on their website here.

A wall mural declares ´Sovereignty and socialism´

A wall mural declares ´Sovereignty and socialism´

With virtually no police, crime, or unemployment, the Spanish town of Marinaleda has gained celebrity status in Europe. Can we learn something from this democratic ´utopia´, and the maverick mayor who advocates shoplifting?

On the face of it, the Spanish town of Marinaleda is indistinguishable from any other.  Nestled in the picturesque Campiña valley, the surrounding countryside is made up of rolling green hills, miles of olive plantations and golden meadows of wheat stretching as far as the eye can see. The town is pretty, tranquil, and typical of those found in Andalusia, Spain´s poorest and most southerly province.

Flowers tumble from white-washed buildings as old men while away the summer´s afternoon on shaded benches, silently watching the world go by. Families take their evening paseo in the rose-filled municipal park, while shouts and thuds can be heard as boys play soccer in the schoolyard.

But on Avenida de Libertad (Liberty Avenue), Marinaleda´s main street, dozens of colourful wall murals quite literally paint a new picture.
´War on Capitalism´, one reads. ´Peace and social justice´.
´Turn off the TV, turn on your mind´, says another.

Anti-fascist slogans depict stickmen throwing swastikas in the trash, while paintings of doves- an image also used in the town´s flag and logo are pitched against military tanks with the message:´Don´t stop searching for peace´.

This street art, along with a metal sign outside the town´s commonly-owned bar declaring ´Another world is possible´, are small clues to Marinaleda´s identity as a self-styled ´Utopia for peace´.

Since the financial crisis began in 2008, Marinaleda has shot to fame- and so has its maverick mayor Juan Manuel Sánchez Gordillo, who earned the nickname ´The Spanish Robin Hood´ after organizing and carrying out a series of supermarket raids in a direct action protest last August. Basic groceries such as oil, rice and beans were loaded into carts, wheeled from the store and taken to a local food bank to help the poor as helpless cashiers looked on, some crying.

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Spanish tax laws are changing- and it´s about time. If Rajoy is serious about easing unemployment, he needs to stimulate growth through a complete system overhaul 

Every day, my neighbour Alfredo sits under the fig tree outside the village bar, cutting off the plastic from used electricity cables with care and attention. They pay 1.50eu per kilo for the copper wire inside, he tells me earnestly.

I moved to a sleepy hamlet in rural Andalusia, Spain, two years ago. Back then, the recession was not yet a social catastrophe and most still had jobs. Now, crippling austerity measures and tax increases have deepened the crisis to such an extent that only a handful of this tiny village´s 274 residents are working. Official figures show 42% of the active population here (and 65% of young people) are registered unemployed, compared to national figures of 27% and 57% respectively.  But real figures could be much higher, since many families are no longer (or never were) entitled to social security.

Alfredo is one of thousands of others who can´t claim government help because was always paid cash-in-hand. He has a three year-old son and a partner who lost her job as a care assistant during Rajoy´s brutal public sector cuts, and theirs is one of two million Spanish households without a breadwinner. The middle class is shopping in Lidl while those who fell off the bottom rung of the social ladder a long time ago are scavenging in the dustbins outside. His story is typical: a recent report showed  Spain´s black economy is worth 20% of its GDP.  But why is tax-free work so widespread, even among expats who would never do ´this sort of thing´at home?

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A pig is killed and skinned at a traditional Matanza in Southern Spain

A pig is killed and skinned at a traditional Matanza in Southern Spain

Just 40 kilometres inland from the hotels and souvenir shops of the Costa del Sol lies the Genal Valley, where tiny white villages forgotten by the march of time cling to pine-fringed mountains. These picturesque pueblos blancos, their crumbling houses brightened by red geraniums, are a quaint reminder of a rustic bygone age.

Here, self-sufficiency is not an alternative buzzword but rather the default way of life. Men in battered flat caps use mules to plough the earth, firewood is collected from the surrounding forest to heat homes in winter, and the majority of people in these villages- some with populations of under 200- have smallholdings, growing organic produce and rearing animals for meat all year round.

Sheep, goats, chickens and pigs are kept by most families, and the latter are killed at the end of the long winter in an event known as La Matanza – literally ´the slaughter´. Relatives and friends lend a hand, preparing meat products to be stored for the coming year. Perishable meat is eaten immediately and washed down with copious amounts of alcohol. Like everything else in Andalusia, La Matanza is as good a reason as any for a fiesta.

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Last week I had an article on paedophilia (or pedophilia, if you are on the other side of the pond) published in Salon, a digital magazine based in the USA. Since then, I have received many emails from readers who felt that the article resonated with them. Some confided heartbreaking stories of abuse and thanked me for my conclusions, while others admitted to feeling attracted to children and were angry that my article did not treat paedophilia as a sexual orientation like any other. With that in mind, I´d like to clarify a few things.

Not all paedophiles are predatory and not all sex offenders are paedophiles. To be attracted to children does not necessarily mean you are a danger to society- but unlike being gay, straight or bisexual, it does mean that you cannot fulfill your sexual urges without breaking the law and damaging a child, whether physically or mentally.

The keyword here is consent. My personal belief is that the age of consent should be lowered: it seems ridiculous that a 17 year-old could end up on the sex offenders´register for a perfectly natural ´roll in the hay´ with his 15 year-old girlfriend, for example. But we cannot apply that argument to a pre-pubescent child, and they must be protected at any cost.

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Last month, violence erupted at a South African platinum mine when at least 13 men were wounded by security guards who fired rubber bullets and hacked at workers with machetes, allegedly to end a confrontation between two rival unions.

Anglo American Platinum (Amplats) is the world´s largest platinum producer, located in the Rustenburg area 70 miles from Johannesburg. The corporation accounts for over 80% of global platinum production and has been at the centre of clashes between security forces and miners since workers went on strike in mid-January over Amplat´s announcement to cut 14,000 jobs and sell union mines, in a bid to save $4.2bn.

It´s not the first time bloody protests have put South Africa´s mining sector in the spotlight. In August last year a mine owned by Lonmin Plc in Marikana, also in the Rustenburg region, was the scene of the worst violence the country has seen since the end of apartheid. On August 10, three thousand workers walked out after Lonmin´s management refused to negotiate over pay. The first incidents of violence were reported to have started the following day, when National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) leaders opened fire on striking miners. In the next three days, another eight workers, two police and two security guards were killed. On August 16, which marked the 25th anniversary of a nationwide South African miner´s strike, riot police arrived to disperse the miners. This culminated in the death of over 50 people, including 34 striking miners shot dead by police. A further 78 were injured. The incident, dubbed the Marikana massacre, was the single most lethal use of force by South African security forces against civilians since 1960.

But despite this, corporate media again blamed the bloodshed on rivalry between the NUM and its rival, the Association of Mineworkers & Construction Union (AMCU).

This ongoing vicious struggle, which has seen the two battling it out for membership and control over union offices, was no doubt instrumental in the tragic events at both Lonmin and Amplats. But there´s a much bigger story that is being overlooked by focusing on a fight between two groups of underpaid, desperate miners. It´s the story of multinational corporations exploiting human beings for the sake of profit. It´s a story which hints at possible connections between the mining industry and the police sent to kill those who dare to demand fair pay and safe working conditions. And it´s the story of mainstream media, for the most part, covering up and misreporting these injustices.

Capitalismo Mafioso? You decide.

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It´s Valentine´s Day again folks, a time of year when I always spare a thought for those lonely lovelorn singles who have to endure being bombarded with images of cupids,  red roses and vomit-inducing teddy bears – making them feel like they failed somehow. I say let´s reclaim the day and celebrate singledom- and freedom-  in style! Here are 5 reasons you can be grateful you´re all on your lonesome…………

1. You won´t have to spend the night in a restaurant (or gastropub if he´s a cheap date) with crap service, mediocre food and hiked-up prices to sit crammed like sardines in a noisy and understaffed dining area surrounded by gloomy looking I´m-obliged-to-be-here couples who ran out of things to say to each other 10 years ago and now derive most of their entertainment from eavesdropping on your conversation.

2. You won´t have to stand in a ridiculously long queue in Clinton cards behind huddles of teenage girls in the throes of first love and those infuriating people who insist on buying Valentine cards for their daughter/sister/aunt/dog. Being single also means you are no longer responsible for remembering his mum´s birthday….double bonus.

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